濒危文化遗产

 

In an armed conflict or natural disaster situation, heritage is particularly at risk, owing to its inherent vulnerability and tremendous symbolic value. Through the implementation of its mutually reinforcing culture conventions, UNESCO works with the international community to protect culture.

In order to prevent illicit trafficking and destruction of cultural heritage, the Organization acts as a coordinator and catalyst to bolster cooperation and strengthen networking among national and international actors. This mobilization allowed to lead emergency actions in Afghanistan, Iraq, Haiti, Egypt, Libya, Mali and Syria in times of civil strife and warfare.

In November 2015, the 38th General Conference of the United Nations Educational, Scientific, and Cultural Organization (UNESCO) adopted a Strategy for the reinforcement of the organization’s actions for the protection of culture and the promotion of cultural pluralism in the event of armed conflict.

 

 

冲突时对遗产造成的损失可以剥夺一个社群的记忆,那些关于他们的过去的有形证明,这些同时也是保障社会经济福祉的珍贵资源。联合国教科文组织力图将遗产作为防止冲突,帮助建设和平、复原和和解的一个积极和统一的力量。