Treasures of Mongolia
At the end of the nineteenth century the ruins of a vast city, "apparently watched over by a giant stone tortoise", were discovered in Central Asia. They were the vestiges of Karakorum, capital of the Mongol Empire founded in the thirteenth century by Genghis Khan and the jewel of the rich artistic and cultural heritage of the Mongolia of the Khans, a region whose influence was to dominate the history of Central Asia and reach as far as Asia Minor and Eastern Europe.
This issue of the Unesco Courier presents a glimpse of the artistic achievements of this ancient Mongol civilization, as well as a variety of other themes largely related to Unesco activities. Also under the heading "art" are articles on the magnificent Picasso Museum in Paris, opened last year, and on the great Chilean painter Roberto Malta, inspired by a recent retrospective exhibition of his worlc.
The "powers of language", a subject which falls within the scope of the social and human sciences, are explored in a thought-provoking article by a brilliant young French linguist, Claude Hagège, whose compatriot Elisabeth Badinter looks at the ways in which relations between the sexes are changing in the Western world today.
Two highly topical ventures in the fields of international scientific co-operation and communication between peoples Halley's comet and the Channel Tunnel also receive coverage in an issue which is completed by two features of broadly cultural interest: the curious history of the giraffe offered to the King of France by the pasha of Egypt in 1825 and the eventful biography of that enigmatic, evergreen figure from Latin America, the tango. Also in this issue, our usual 1986 feature devoted to the International Year of Peace.
Editor-in-chief : Edouard Glissant