于人之思想中构建和平

我们的水,我们的世界:教科文组织国际水大会呼吁转变水安全范式以推动可持续和平

2019-05-16

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© iStock / Getty Images Plus / Fabian Gysel

水是生命纽带,是脆弱资源的重要支撑。如何管理水资源将决定我们能否实现2030年可持续发展议程的所有目标。获得水资源对减贫和人类健康至关重要,影响到性别平等、教育发展和所有人类活动。生态系统和生物多样性也依赖于水,它提供了世界可再生能源的3/4,同时全球3/4的淡水资源被用于粮食生产。实现健全的水管理是一项挑战,我们需要采用整体方法,用到各学科、各层级的专业知识。首届教科文组织国际水大会汇集了来自126个国家的34位部长*和1200名专家,以调动专业知识并促进应对这一挑战所需的合作。

“面对充满挑战的未来岁月,只有在丰饶且包容的文化环境下、以和平与创新的方式利用科学技术,我们才能实现全球大家庭的积极发展。” 教科文组织科学促进和平特使约旦苏玛雅公主(Sumaya)说,“教科文组织为我们所有人提供了对话和参与的平台,水外交和合作的概念和实践将不再仅停留在知识交流,而将促进积极参与的利益攸关方之间的强有力的伙伴关系。”

水合作是和平与可持续发展的有力杠杆,这是首届教科文组织水大会的核心主题。在交流共有水资源管理机制经验的过程中,会员国代表强调,强烈的对话与合作政治意愿是出台有效的实施工具和措施的前提。我们需要优化水资源知识库,提升关于这一关键资源的技术能力,为这一机制提供支撑。代表们还呼吁在全球共享流域国家之间开展更多科学对话。

鉴于教科文组织在促进水合作方面的长期经验,他们指出本组织可以为这种多学科对话提供一个平台。教科文组织的独特定位使其能通过在科学、教育、文化、传播和信息共享领域的职能协调跨部门合作,从而找到解决方案。

在2天会期里,与会者分享了涉及水管理的诸多方面的经验和解决方案,包括伦理、自然灾害和灾害风险管理、文化遗产、性别平等、研究和技术创新等。相关对话和讨论汇总的建议将在每个专题小组的摘要报告中分享。

教科文组织副总干事曲星先生在闭幕词中说:“促进水安全和可持续和平是会议的核心宗旨。今天我们呼吁从根本上改变我们看待水的方式。由教科文组织总干事召集的这次国际水会议呼吁采取跨部门的方略,使我们能够实现2030年议程及其17个可持续发展目标和相关目标。教科文组织秘书处承诺将促进各部门在可持续水安全与和平方面的合作。”

会议由教科文组织在全球能源互联网发展合作组织(GEIDCO),巴黎跨部门卫生集团(SIAAP),巴西联邦区水、能源和卫生服务管理局(ADASA)、《技术、科学、方法》杂志的支持下举办。

 

* 与会的部长级代表包括:

  • Erik Grigoryan, Minister of Nature Protection, Armenia;
  • Kefentse Mzwinila, Minister of Land Management, Water and Sanitation Services, Botswana;
  • Ambroise Ouedraogo, Minister of Water and Sanitation, Burkina Faso;
  • Chann Sinath, Under Secretary of State, Ministry of Water Resources and Meteorology, Cambodia;
  • Eloundou Essomba (represented by his Director of Water Resources, Mr Mamoudou Ousman), Minister of Water and Sanitation, Cameroon;
  • Serge Blaise Zoniaba, Minister of Energy and Hydraulics, Congo;
  • Arlette Soudan-Nonault, Minister of Tourism and Environment, Congo;
  • Laurent Tchagba, Minister of Hydraulics, Cote d'Ivoire;
  • Hortense Euphrasie Kouassi-Yao, President counsellor for gender equality questions, Cote d'Ivoire;
  • Alain-Richard Donwahi, Minister of Water and Forestry, Cote d'Ivoire;
  • Bolivar Beltran, Deputy National Secretary on Water, Ecuador;
  • Hesham Bakhit, Assistant Minister for Transboundary Water Affairs, Studies, Research and Development, Egypt;
  • Emmanuel Norbert Tony Ondo Mba, Minister of Water and Energy, Gabon;
  • Cecilia Abena Dapaah, Minister of Sanitation and Water Resources, Ghana;
  • Jamal Al-Adilee, Minister of Water Resources, Iraq;
  • Sergio Costa, Minister of Environment, Land and Sea, Italy;
  • Emanuela Claudia Del Re, Deputy Minister of Foreign Affairs, Italy;
  • Raed Muzaffar Abu al-Saud, Minister of Water, Jordan
  • Joseph Irungu, Permanent Secretary of the Ministry of Water and Sanitation, Kenya;
  • Myung-Rae Cho, Minister of Environment, Korea (Republic of)
  • Duannah A. Kamara, Managing Director of the Water and Sewage Corporation, Liberia
  • Joe Mizzi, Minister for Energy and Water, Malta;
  • Tserenbat Namsrai, Minister of Environment and Tourism, Mongolia;
  • Abdelkader Amara, Minister of Equipment, Transports, Logistics, and Water, Morocco;
  • Mazen Ghunaim, Minister, Head of the Palestinian Water Authority, Palestine;
  • João Pedro Matos Fernandes, Minister of Environment and Energy Transition, Portugal;
  • Serigne Mbaye Thiam, Minister of Water and Sanitation, Senegal;
  • Wasanta Aluwihare, Minister of Agriculture and Irrigation, Sri Lanka;
  • Lukmon Isomatov, Minister of Foreign Affairs, represented by the Head of Foreign Cooperation, Tajikistan;
  • Antoine Lekpa Gbegbeni, Minister of Water, Rural Equipment and Village Hydraulics, Togo;
  • Samir Taieb, Minister of Agriculture, Water Resources and Fisheries, Tunisia;
  • Annageldi Yazmyradov, Chairman of the State Committee of Water Management, Turkmenistan;
  • Bakhodir Ruziboyev, First Deputy Minister of Water Resources, Uzbekistan;
  • Alfred Maoh, Minister of Lands and Natural Resources, Vanuatu.

The conference also benefited from the participation of HRH Princess Sumaya bint El Hassan of Jordan, UNESCO Special Envoy for Science for Peace, Loic Fauchon, President of the World Water Council, and Jean-Louis Chaussade, CEO of Suez.