© Joe Bunni

The importance of the ocean to global climate cannot be underestimated. It absorbs a significant part of carbon and an overwhelming portion of the planet’s excess heat. Warmer atmosphere and increasing concentration of greenhouse gases nevertheless exert enormous pressure on the ocean’s ability to regulate the climate.

The Intergovernmental Oceanographic Commission (IOC) of UNESCO facilitates the development of ocean sciences, observations and capacity-building to monitor the ocean’s role in the climate system and predict ocean changes. Laying the ground for efficient adaptation and mitigation strategies, IOC focuses on the most damaging impacts, e.g. ocean acidification and temperature increase, sealevel rise, deoxygenation, variations in storminess and changes in marine biodiversity.

IOC's scientifically-founded services help countries, in particular coastal and small island developing states become more resilient to climate change. As an intergovernmental organization, IOC works to develop parternships among and across all ocen stakeholders, such as the Ocean and Climate Platform that helps the oceanographic community inform UNFCCC-related debates on the vital interaction between climate and ocean. IOC is at the forefront of new research priorities on climate change impacts on the ocean, climate change mitigation through the conservation and restoration of coastal and marine ecosystems such as mangroves and salt marshes – the so-called ‘blue carbon’ – and the overall contribution of the ocean to achieving the SDGs on conserving the ocean and combatting climate change.

As the COP22 seeks to implement the Paris Agreement and strengthen mobilization around the new global climate regime, IOC is proactively engaged with the policy, research and civil society communities for more effective integration of ocean perspectives into climate change mitigation and adaptation mechanisms, while also promoting the importance of a robust scientific knowledge base to support policy development.

Find below all the details concerning IOC's participation in COP22.

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Coming soon: A photo gallery highlighting the participation of IOC and its partners at COP22.


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How did IOC contribute to the integration of the ocean and climate nexus into COP22 negotiations? Read our udpates to make sure you didn't miss anything.



Discover the many COP22-related events IOC participated in at the Bab-Ighli conference site in Marrakech!


  • EarthInfo Day (Observing for Climate), 10:00-18:00, Blue Zone, Casablanca Plenary


  • Changing oceans and seas around the world: implications for mitigation & adaptation, 10:30-12:00, Blue Zone, EU Pavilion
  • SDG14: Oceans: Science based solutions for achieving adaptation and mitigation goals, 13:15-14:45, Blue Zone, Mediterranean Room

10 NOVEMBER 2016

  • Ocean Day @ UNESCO Pavilion: Restoration of Blue Carbon Ecosystems, 10:00-11:30, Green Zone, UNESCO Pavilion
  • DRR Day @ UNESCO Pavilion: Reducing risks and saving lives from ocean and coastal hazards in a changing climate, 13:00-17:30, Green Zone, UNESCO Pavilion
  • Building Resilience and Adaptations Measures with Co-mitigation Benefits in Red Sea and Arabian Gulf, 18:30-20:00, Blue Zone, Bering Room

11 NOVEMBER 2016

  • Ocean and Climate Forum: a multistakeholder mobilization for ocean and climate, 09:00-12:30, Green Zone, Oum Errabia Room
  • An African perspective: changing oceans, the impact on society and the need for solutions, planning and implementation, 11:00-12:30, Green Zone, Room TBA
  • SDG17: Science for informed mitigation and adaptation choices, 13:15-14:45, Blue Zone, Austral Room
  • Oceans and climate: moving from the Agreement to Action, 15:00-16:00, Green Zone, Oum Errabia Room
  • Avoiding Irreversible Ocean and Polar Thresholds – Raising Ambition for 2018 Facilitative Dialogues, 18:30-20:00, Blue Zone, Mediterranean Room

12 NOVEMBER 2016

  • Oceans Action Day at COP 22 (ALL DAY EVENT), 10:00-21:00, Blue Zone

    • 10:00-12:30: Showcase Event, Arctic Room
    • 13:00-16:00: Dialogue Oceans, Room 10
    • 17:00-21:00: Regional Dialogues, Moroccan Pavilion
  • Incorporating Blue Carbon Into Nationally Determined Contributions Under the Paris Agreement Coastal blue carbon ecosystems, 13:15-14:45, Blue Zone, Arabian Room

14 NOVEMBER 2016

  • The Role and Needs for Homegrown Scientific Research, Technology and Innovations related to Climate Change (Network of African Science Academies), Time and Location TBA


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