The internationalisation of educational and training systems, labour markets, and the increased mobility of people and jobs have implications on the ways that skills are recognised, validated and accredited and on cross-border recognition of qualifications.
Qualifications frameworks based on learning outcomes is one of the tools that has been used to reform and expand educational and training provision in ways that will raise skills levels, improve labour market productivity and contribute to sustainable development.
The Shanghai Consensus (2012) recommended the development of international guidelines on quality assurance for the recognition of qualifications based on learning outcomes. UNESCO is developing these guidelines, in partnership with regional and global organizations.
Global Inventory of Regional and National Qualifications Frameworks
To monitor and map global and regional qualification reforms and discuss key trends and policy issues emerging from qualifications framework reforms and development around the world, UNESCO published a Global Inventory of Regional and National Qualifications Frameworks in collaboration with the European Training Foundation (ETF), the European Centre for the Development of Vocational Training (Cedefop) and the UNESCO Institute for Lifelong Learning (UIL).
Third edition of the Global Inventory 2017
The third edition of the Global Inventory of National and Regional Frameworks was published in 2017, to further strengthen the knowledge base on developments in national and regional qualifications frameworks as implemented by countries and regions by end of 2016. The thematic chapters (volume I) discussed key trends and policy issues emerging from qualifications frameworks and learning outcomes reforms and developments. Volume II presented national and regional National Qualifications Frameworks (NQL) case studies of 100 countries from all continents and seven regional qualifications frameworks (RQF).