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这是一个多山的国家,位于中亚的中心地带,东邻中国,南邻印度次大陆。 丝绸之路的三条主要路线贯穿其现今的领土。

当代波斯语、希腊语、中文和阿拉伯语中都提到了这些古老的路线,这些信息突出了塔吉克人对当时商业和文化的贡献,特别是在5世纪到12世纪这个时期。 第一条路线是撒马尔罕和喀什之间的粟特人或北方路线; 第二个是铁尔梅兹和喀什之间的Karategin路线,第三个条连接巴尔赫和塔什库尔干的帕米尔路线。

塔吉克斯坦位于丝绸之路遗址旁,拥有帕米尔山脉,有时这里被称为“世界屋脊”。 从这里开始分布中亚三大山脉 :兴都库什山脉、喀喇昆仑山脉和天山山脉。


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